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Economic and dam related articles

Power Deal Made Final to Keep
Ferndale-Area Intalco Smelter Operating

by John Stark
Bellingham Herald, October 29, 2010

Aluminum production at Alcoa's Intalco Works Alcoa Intalco Works will get the low-cost electric power it needs through May 26, 2012, under the terms of a Bonneville Power Administration contract extension announced in final form Friday, Oct. 29.

BPA had announced its plans to extend the contract three weeks ago, but the decision was not final until after a public comment period. BPA spokeswoman Katie Pruder-Scruggs said nothing in those comments forced a reconsideration of BPA's determination that selling low-cost power for the aluminum smelter west of Ferndale results in an economic benefit.

Intalco's current power deal with the federal agency had been set to expire a year earlier, in May 2011.

Intalco workers have been living with job insecurity for years as Alcoa, BPA and other power users wrangled over how much cheap hydroelectric power should be allotted to the smelter, and under what terms. The company's use of 320 megawatts of power is roughly equivalent to one-fourth the power consumption of the city of Seattle.

Some public utility district officials argue that BPA should reserve its limited supply of cheap Columbia River hydropower for them.

But BPA Administrator Steve Wright has argued that the Intalco smelter is a net economic benefit to the region, creating an estimated 1,500 indirect jobs in addition to the direct payroll of about 500.

Because of their huge appetite for power, aluminum smelters can't operate profitably without cheap power sources. In an earlier era of abundant hydropower, smelters flourished across the Northwest. Most of those smelters shut down during the power crisis of 2000-01. Intalco was idle too for a time, but it managed to reopen and maintain production at about two-thirds capacity.

BPA is also in the process of trying to work out a longer-term deal with Intalco that would make smelter operations more of a long-term proposition.

John Stark
Power Deal Made Final to Keep Ferndale-Area Intalco Smelter Operating
Bellingham Herald, October 29, 2010

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