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Economic and dam related articles

New Report Critical
of Bush's BPA Proposal

by Associated Press
Billings Gazette, April 25, 2005

KALISPELL -- A Bush administration proposal to cap loans to the Bonneville Power Administration could slash fish, wildlife and alternative energies programs and raise rates for hydropower consumers, according to the Northwest Power and Conservation Council.

The council, a multistate agency charged by Congress with balancing the region's need for reliable and affordable hydropower against the needs of fish and wildlife, released a report on the issue last Thursday.

The White House proposal, part of a draft federal budget document, would effectively limit to $4.45 billion the amount of money the Bonneville Power Administration can borrow. Bonneville is a government agency that markets power produced at 31 federal dams on the Columbia River system, including Hungry Horse and Libby dams in Montana.

Bonneville uses loans to pay for fish and wildlife projects such as hatcheries, and for investments in the region-wide power system, including energy conservation, transmission lines and power-plant construction.

"The administration's proposal would hit hard, forcing an unnecessary, unwanted competition for funding among important investments that Bonneville needs to make," said Melinda Eden, council chairwoman. "The losers would be the region's rate payers, who face the possibility of a less reliable power supply, rate increases and slower progress in protecting fish and wildlife."

As a government agency, Bonneville can't issue stock to raise money and instead relies on borrowed funds. Currently, Bonneville can borrow up to $4.45 billion from the U.S. Treasury, repaying the treasury with revenue from power generation.

Bonneville can also issue "third-party debt," where private investors act much like the government. The agency pays over time for system improvements made by investors, using money generated by leases it holds on those power or transmission investments.

There is no government-mandated cap on the third-party debt.

The Bush administration proposal would put the third-party debt under the umbrella of Treasury debt, capping Bonneville's total borrowing power at $4.45 billion.

"This change seems subtle," said the council's John Harrison, "but it would dramatically affect BPA's ability to do what it needs to do."

The power marketer, directed in large part by Congress, must sell hydropower, maintain the transmission grid, invest in fish and wildlife programs to offset the impacts of big federal dams, encourage energy conservation to limit rate increases and explore alternative and renewable energy sources.

Limiting the ability to borrow means Bonneville is faced with either reducing funding for some programs or raising rates, Harrison said. The fish and wildlife programs would probably be the first to go, he said, then the energy conservation programs, then investment in renewable energies, because BPA must above all sell and distribute regional hydropower at an affordable rate.

New Report Critical of Bush's BPA Proposal
Billings Gazette, April 25, 2005

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