Northwest Groups to Research Converting Ag Waste to Energyby Staff
Capital Press - September 13, 2002
RICHLAND, Wash. -- Four major Northwest research organizations are bringing together industry, processors, growers, universities and federal laboratories to develop new methods for converting agricultural and food processing residue and wastes into commercially valuable "bio-based" energy and industrial products.
Members of the new Northwest Bioproducts Research Institute include the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash.; DOE's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in Idaho Falls, Idaho; and Washington State University and the University of Idaho, both comprehensive land-grant universities.
Under terms of the agreement the participating universities and federal research laboratories will collaborate to form a nationally renowned, multi-disciplinary research and development program.
They will examine and develop methods for converting agricultural and food processing residue and products, such as chemicals for plastics, solvents and fibers. Industry, processors and growers will be able to use and profit from the institute's products and technologies and, is some cases, will profit from the discoveries through licenses.
A Bioproducts Advisory Committee that includes members from industry and grower organizations will be created to set research priorities and help ensure the rapid transfer of scientific discoveries to commercial products and processes.
The collaborators noted the institute will help to more fully utilize the productivity of American farms, which are already the most productive in the world. It will explore new uses for food processing byproducts such as discarded hulls, peelings or pulp and collected farm residues such as straw or manure.
Currently, the market for such residues is typically livestock feed, which provides a low economic return to the producer. In some cases, food processing and farm residues can become a financial liability if they require disposal.
"Rural areas, including those in the Northwest, have missed out on the unprecedented national economic growth of the past two decades to low commodity prices, increased environmental pressures and, more recently, increase energy costs," explained WSU President V. Lane Rawlins. "New technology offers the potential to address all of these issues."
"The institute will make the Northwest a leader in bio-based technology but the technology created and demonstrated in this institute will go beyond regional interest," added PNNL Director Lura Powell. "It will contribute to the nation's desire to increase markets for agriculture and help reduce its dependence on imported petroleum. In the Northwest, the institute will develop the technologies necessary to create a robust bioproducts and bioenergy industry."
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